by Medical Terminology
Decerebrate Posturing – it is a posture characterized by adduction (internal rotation) and extension of the arms, with the wrist pronated and fingers flexed. The leg s are stiffly extended, with forced plantar flexion of the feet. The back is acutely arched in severe cases. It is a sign of upper brain stem damage.
Decorticate – it is a posture characterized by adduction of the arms and flexion of the elbows, with wrists and fingers flexed on the chest. The legs are extended and internally rotated, with plantar flexion of the feet. It is a sign of corticospinal damage.
Diaphoresis – it means profuse sweating. Amounting to more than 1 liter of swear per hour.
Diarrhea – it is an increase in the volume of stools and a chief sign of an intestinal disorder.
Diplopia – it means double vision or seeing one object as two. It is a result when extraocular muscles fail to work together causing images to fall on non-corresponding parts of the retinas.
Dysarthia – it means poorly articulated speech, characterized by slurring and labored irregular rhythm. It may be accompanied by a nasal voice tone caused by palate weakness.
Dysmenorrhea – it is painful menstruation. It affects more than 50% of menstruating women and a leading cause of lost time from school and work among women.
Dyspepsia – it refers to uncomfortable fullness after meals that are associated with nausea, belching, heartburn, cramping, and abdominal distention. It is usually aggravated by spicy, fatty, high-fiber, or excessive caffeine intake.
Dysphagia – means difficulty in swallowing. It is a common symptom that is easily localized.
Dyspnea – means difficulty in breathing. It is a typical symptom of cardiopulmonary dysfunction.
Dysuria – means painful or difficulty in urination. It is a result of lower urinary tract irritation or inflammation, which stimulates nerve endings in the bladder and urethra. It is commonly accompanied by urinary frequency, urgency, or hesitancy.
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