Enuresis Nocturna
by Medical Terminology

Medical Terminology (Letter E)

Enuresis Nocturna – it refers to nighttime urinary incontinence in girls age 5 and older and boys age 6 and older.

a) Primary Enuresis – it is describes a child who has never achieved bladder control.

b) Secondary Enuresis – it is describes a child who achieved bladder control for at least 3 months but has lost it.

Edema (Generalized) - It is an excessive accumulation of interstitial fluid throughout the body and a common sign in severely ill patients. Generalized edema is typically chronic and progressive and may result from cardiac, renal, hepatic or endocrine disorders, severe burns, malnutrition or even an effect of certain drugs or treatment.

Epistaxis – nosebleed. It can be spontaneous or induced from the front or back of the nose. The most common site of nosebleed occurs in anterior-inferior nasal septum (Kiesselbach’s plexus). Epistaxis ranges from mild oozing to severe that can be life-threatening due to blood loss.

Erythema – it is the most common sign of skin inflammation or irritation. It is produced by dilated or congested blood vessels. Skin color can range from bright red (acute conditions) to pale violet or brown (chronic conditions).

Exopthalmos – it is the abnormal protrusion of one or both eye balls. It may be caused by hemorrhage, edema, or inflammation behind the eye; extraocular muscle relaxation; space-occupying intraorbital lesions and metastatic tumors.

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