Fat Embolism - Complications of Fracture




The Different Complications of Fractures

1. Fat Embolism

• Embolism that originates from the bone marrow
• Occurs within 48 hours
• Restlessness
• Mental status changes
• Tachycardia, apnea, and hypotension
• Petechial rash


2. Compartment Syndrome

• Decrease perfusion and hypoxia of tissues
• Within 4 to 6 hours after the onset, neuromuscular damage is irreversible
• Increased pain and swelling
• Pain with passive motion
• Paresthesia
• pulselessness


3. Osteomyelitis

• Fever
• Pain
• Erythema in the surrounding area
• Tachycardia
• Elevated WBC


4. Avascular necrosis

• An interruption of blood supply to the bony tissue, which results in the death of the bone
• Pain
• Decreased sensation


5. Pulmonary Embolism

• Caused by immobility precipitated by a fracture
• Restlessness
• Apprehension
• Dyspnea
• Diaphoresis
• Arterial blood gas changes


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