Mnemonics For Nursing
Nursing Assessment Part 2

Heart Sounds

Part II Mnemonics for Nursing

Heart sounds also known as Heartbeat are sound or noises generated by the beating of the heart and the resultant flow of blood through it.

In cardiac auscultation, an examiner may use a stethoscope to listen for these unique and distinct sounds that provide important auditory data regarding the condition of the heart to a trained observer.

In healthy adults, there are two normal heart sounds often described as a lub and a dub (or dup), that occur in sequence with each heart beat. These are the first heart sound (S1) and second heart sound (S2), produced by the closing of the AV valves and semilunar valves respectively.

Levels of Consciousness

Measurement of LOC or Level of Consciousness is done to know a person's arousability and responsiveness to stimuli from the environment. It is important to determine the extent of brain function of a certain person especially when the person suffers from brain injury.

Respiratory Sounds

Lung sounds also known as breathing or respiratory sounds are the noises identified through auscultation in the structures of the lungs.

Normal breath sounds are classified as tracheal, bronchial, bronchovesicular, and vesicular sounds.

Decreased, absent breath sounds and "adventitious sounds" are considered abnormal breath sounds.

The picture below used for mnemonics for nursing shows some of the different adventitious lung sounds and their respective area of auscultation.

Skin Color of Unconscious Person

There are many different reasons for the unconsciousness of a person, but some very important indications can be seen in the skin color.

The first priority in unconsciousness is to check the victim's ABC's, air passages, breathing and circulation.

For more nursing information, go back to homepage: Online Nursing CEUS.

Related Post

- Nursing Assessment Part I

- Nursing Assessment Part III

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