Basic Care NCLEX Mnemonics Part II

Basic Care NCLEX Mnemonics Part 2

NCEX Mnemonics For Cold or Flu?

Common cold - also known as nasopharyngitis, acute viral rhinopharyngitis, acute coryza is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory system, caused primarily by rhinoviruses and coronaviruses is the most frequent infectious disease for humans.

Cough, sore throat, runny nose, and fever are the common symptoms of cold. Usually self limiting and symptoms resolve within 7 to 10 days.

Influenza or flu – it is an infectious disease caused by RNA viruses of the family Orthomyxoviridae (the influenza viruses), that affects birds and mammals. The most common symptoms of flu are chills, fever, sore throat, muscle pains, severe headache, coughing, weakness/fatigue and general discomfort.

It is often confused with common cold but influenza is a more severe disease than the common cold and caused by a different type of virus. Flu can occasionally cause either direct viral pneumonia or secondary bacterial pneumonia.

The basic care drawing below listed some symptoms that differentiate Common Cold to Influenza.

NCLEX Mnemonics For IADLs

IADLs are tasks that a person must be able to perform in order to live independently in addition to activities of daily living.

The following basic care tasks are the main examples of IADLs:

• Shopping – ability of a person to select and buy food and clothing by themselves, or are they unable to shop at all?

• Cooking - can the person plan and cook full meals; only light meals or unable to prepare any food by themselves?

• Cleaning – ability of a person to do heavy housework that must be done; or can they perform light housework; or are they unable to perform any household duties at all?

• Using telephone - basic care assessment if the person can independently dial and receive calls with no help or need special assistance in finding the number and dialing? Is the person unable to use the telephone at all?

• Transportation – ability of a person to drive safely or travel independently on buses or taxis either by themselves or with a companion; or are they simply unable to travel at all?

• Managing money – ability of a person to manage their finances, such as paying bills or balancing their checkbook? Can the person manage their daily purchases, but needs help paying bills; or are they simply unable to handle money at all?

• Medications - can the person take medications safely at the correct time of day or they cannot take medications without supervision or assistance at all?


The immune response activates when your body recognizes and protects itself against bacteria, viruses, parasites and substances that is foreign and harmful to the body.

Immune system responds and destroys antigens; a protein presents in the surface of cells of the bacteria or fungi.

To activate the immune response, our body must first recognize the invader; then "specialized cells" will attach itself to the invader and “present” it to our T-cells. Our T-cells then will multiply itself to destroy the invader.

Our body has also the capability to “remember specific antigen”, a basic care of our immune response system so that it will be ready in case of future attacks.

Correct Order of the Blood Draw

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